Hexagon Manufacturing Intelligence (HMI) – a Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services Client – is Playing an Important Role in a Project That Will Help Humanity Acquire a Better Understanding of the Universe

Installation of Asturfeito Radio Telescope in Northern Norway (Image credit: Hexagon Manufacturing Intelligence)

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a national leader in exhibition services and event project management.

Our client list includes winning and successful companies across almost all industries. On the list are some of the largest and best-known multinationals … and also small, recently started companies that you may not have heard of … yet …. but you will.

Among our clients are organizations that create and invent, and bring to market, the technology that makes commerce more efficient, more cost-effective, and which improves quality of products and services.

One of those organizations is Hexagon Manufacturing Intelligence (HMI) .

It our privilege to service, and to work with, HMI.

Based in North Kingstown, RI, HMI designs and produces solutions that optimize the use of measurement data “to increase production speed and accelerate productivity while enhancing quality” in industrial manufacturing projects around the world.

As explained at the HMI website, “Through a network of local service centers, production facilities and commercial operations across five continents,” HMI is “shaping smart change in manufacturing to build a world where quality drives productivity.”

HMI is a division of the Swedish company Hexagon AB, a “leading global provider of information technology solutions that drive productivity and quality across geospatial and industrial landscapes.”

A major project – a project that benefits all humanity – in which HMI solutions are now being used, is the installation in northern Norway, inside the Arctic Circle, of two large radio telescopes, each 13.5 meters (44.3 feet) in diameter.  On this project, HMI technology is employed to assure that the telescopes are assembled with the highest accuracy and precision.

Overseeing the engineering and assembly of the telescopes is Asturfeito, a company headquartered in Spain.  Asturfeito has been an HMI customer for five years.  Asturfeito provides, organizes, and coordinates services for engineering, manufacturing, and commissioning of capital goods for large industrial projects.

In 2013, Asturfeito and HMI teamed as part of the effort to bring into full operation the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), an astronomical interferometer (an array of radio telescopes that operate and record data in unison) located in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile at an elevation of 5,000 meters (16,000 feet).  The ALMA interferometer, developed and constructed by an international coalition of scientific organizations and private companies, contains 66 radio telescopes. Planned and built at a cost of $1.4 billion, ALMA is the most expensive ground-based telescope in the world.

In the installation of the radio telescopes, Asturfeito is using HMI laser tracker systems.

Radio Telescopes

Radio telescopes.  What are they?  What do they do?

Answers to these questions are found in the article, “What Are Radio Telescopes?”, published on the website of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO).  Here are the first two paragraphs of the story:

“Just as optical telescopes collect visible light, bring it to a focus, amplify it and make it available for analysis by various instruments, so do radio telescopes collect weak radio light waves, bring it to a focus, amplify it and make it available for analysis. We use radio telescopes to study naturally occurring radio light from stars, galaxies, black holes, and other astronomical objects. We can also use them to transmit and reflect radio light off of planetary bodies in our solar system. These specially-designed telescopes observe the longest wavelengths of light, ranging from 1 millimeter to over 10 meters long. For comparison, visible light waves are only a few hundred nanometers long, and a nanometer is only 1/10,000th the thickness of a piece of paper! In fact, we don’t usually refer to radio light by its wavelength, but by its frequency.

“Naturally occurring radio waves are extremely weak by the time they reach us from space. A cell phone signal is a billion billion times more powerful than the cosmic waves our telescopes detect.”

Radio telescopes are essential and fundamental instruments and devices to the practice of radio astronomy, which is, and here we refer again to language from the NRAO website:

“Radio astronomy is the study of celestial objects that give off radio waves. With radio astronomy, we study astronomical phenomena that are often invisible or hidden in other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.

“With giant, sophisticated radio telescopes, we watch stars turn on, shine, and expend themselves, and then we spy on their fascinating corpses. We watch planets form from dust and ice. We clock the spin of our Galaxy and thousands of others. We see the echo of the clumpy Big Bang and the Universe’s very first stars and galaxies. And we spot the chemical precursors of DNA, floating in space.”

Radio telescopes collect and track data emitted from machines, space probes and satellites, that people send into the cosmos.

If you click here you will be taken to the area of the NRAO website where is found interesting history and explanation about radio astronomy.

Jansky’s “merry-go-round” radio telescope (Image credit: NRAO/AUI/NSF)

As for those radio waves, which are sort of the precursor to radio astronomy, they were first identified almost 80 years ago by Karl Guthe Jansky (1905-1950), an engineer at Bell Telephone Laboratories, the organizational genesis of what today is NOKIA Bell Labs.  Mr. Jansky had been hired by Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1928, and tasked with locating and identifying static and turbulence that interfered with telephone communications.  To accomplish the mission, Mr. Jansky mounted an antenna on a turntable so that the antenna could be rotated to pick up radio waves coming from all directions.  “Jansky’s merry-go-round”, built on Bell Telephone Laboratories property in Holmdel, NJ, was the first radio telescope.

Using the radio telescope, Mr. Janksy identified all the sources of the radio disruption except for one.  Yet he would discover that source as well.  In 1931, he found that stars were what had been that mystery emitter of radio interference.

Today the name for a unit of radio-wave emission strength is a jansky.

It would be late in 1932, when Karl Guthe Jansky first published his findings on stars and radio waves.  Mr. Jansky launched a discipline and a science that an astronomer and engineer named Grote Reber (1911-2002) would usher along and on which he would build.  Before 1932 was out, Mr. Reber attempted to devise and adapt a shortwave radio to detect radio waves transmitted by the stars. The shortwave radio experiment didn’t work.  What did work though was an antenna he built in his backyard in Wheaton, IL in 1937: bowl-shaped and 9.4 meters (31 feet) in diameter.  This device – bearing a resemblance to the radio telescopes of today – enabled Grote Reber to improve detection of, and learn more about, radio waves, and to develop the first mapping of radiation across the Milky Way, the galaxy we Earthlings call home.

Messrs. Jansky and Reber pioneered a science, what started humanity on the path that led to us the radio astronomy technology of today, what the NRAO calls the “giant, sophisticated radio telescopes” – those like the two being installed in Northern Norway, inside the Arctic Circle.

And why inside the Arctic Circle? There are surely far more accessible and environmentally hospitable places.

Radio telescopes are installed in locations far removed from concentrations of human habitat – such as the Arctic – to avoid electromagnetic interference (EMI)  from manmade electronic devices, such as radio, television, radar, and motor vehicles.

And HMI technology is relied on to keep the radio telescope installation perfectly aligned, precise, and balanced … even when the work being done is in some of the coldest and windiest and miserable conditions on the planet.

Yeah, it can get like that in the Arctic.

Benefits of Astronomy – Whether Radio or Optical

Whether – and this is greatly simplifying the concept – it is visible light data and information that an optical telescope collects, or the radio frequency data and information a radio telescope gathers, both are a trove that astronomers and other scientists analyze and study to help humanity know more about the universe.

A primary, an overarching … and we dare say … cosmic benefit … of astronomy is that it helps humanity consider, even if we cannot ever begin to fully understand, how impossibly minute and tiny is the place, the planet, we call home, as a component of the galaxies and the never-ending outer space.

And, in this way … as well … it instructs us just how special is Earth, and how important it is that we take care of  our home.

How small and how remarkable is Earth, and how small and how remarkable are its residents, is beautifully conveyed in a short film called “The Blue Dot” that the legendary and great scientist Carl Sagan – whose scientific creds include that of all-star astronomer – created.  The Blue Dot refers to a photo of Earth that the NASA Voyager 1 spacecraft shot on its 1989 mission. It was Mr. Sagan, a member of the NASA Voyager 1 imaging team, who, as the spacecraft was about to leave our solar system, successfully urged NASA officials to turn and train the camera on our home and take the image.

Carl Sagan used the photo, in which Earth looks like a blue dot, as a visual set against a speech he wrote and delivered. Please click here to be taken to the film.

Astronomy provides us answers to questions we did not know to ask.

Astronomy abets humility even as it exalts our station amid the unfathomable vastness.

Oh, yes, of course, astronomy supports the explicitly tangible and innovation and development that makes living, and making a living, easier, safer, happier, and more productive.

In the following excerpt from an article, “Astronomy in Everyday Life,” published on the website of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) –and authored by Marissa Rosenberg and Pedro Russo (EU-UNAWE), Leiden Observatory/Leiden University, The Netherlands), and Georgia Bladon and Lars Lindberg Christensen (ESO, Germany) – describes specific areas that benefit from astronomy, while also giving a nod to those cosmic contributions and benefits of the science:

“The fruits of scientific and technological development in astronomy, especially in areas such as optics and electronics, have become essential to our day-to-day life, with applications such as personal computers, communication satellites, mobile phones, Global Positioning Systems, solar panels and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners.

“Although the study of astronomy has provided a wealth of tangible, monetary and technological gains, perhaps the most important aspect of astronomy is not one of economical measure. Astronomy has and continues to revolutionize our thinking on a worldwide scale. In the past, astronomy has been used to measure time, mark the seasons, and navigate the vast oceans. As one of the oldest sciences astronomy is part of every culture’s history and roots. It inspires us with beautiful images and promises answers to the big questions. It acts as a window into the immense size and complexity of space, putting Earth into perspective and promoting global citizenship and pride in our home planet.”

If you click here you will be taken to the full article in which you can read more about how astronomy makes life better.

We also wanted to point out … and we just had to, because it is all so immensely intriguing and engrossing … an example of how astronomy is enlisted in the quest to find out if we Earthlings share the universe with other intelligent beings.

Consider the ongoing radio astronomy commotion, and vibrant conversation, and deep analysis, and far-reaching conjecture, which rises from the phenomenon of fast radio bursts, or FRB, first identified in 2007 within data that radio a radio telescope had collected.

Now it seems that established and respected scientists believe that it is possible that these FRBs are power sources for alien spacecraft traveling through the galaxies.  Really.  To learn more about the scientists positing this theory, and the science behind the theory, please click here to be taken to a Popular Mechanics story, “Harvard Scientists Theorize That Fast Radio Bursts Come From Alien Space Travel: Could these mysterious flashes of radio waves come from a planet-sized device to power alien spacecraft?”, written by Jay Bennett, and published on March 9, 2017.


Whether in the field of electronics or navigation or MRIs or searching for beings from other galaxies … or the many, many other sectors of life … astronomy plays an integral and important role.

And Hexagon Manufacturing Intelligence (HMI) plays an integral and important role in enabling astronomy technology and devices and instruments to operate with optimum accuracy.


The Declaration of Independence, July 4th, and Events and Pageantry and Celebrations and “Illuminations”


Visitor to the National Archives in Washington, D.C., views the Declaration of Independence (image credit: National Archives and Records Administration)

(Note: This post, originally published on July 2, 2018, was updated on July 6, 2018)

“We find it hard to believe that liberty could ever be lost in this country. But it can be lost, and it will be, if the time ever comes when these documents are regarded not as the supreme expression of our profound belief, but merely as curiosities in glass cases.”

PRESIDENT HARRY TRUMAN, speaking on December 15, 1952, at the National Archives, where is housed the original copy of the Declaration of Independence

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a national leader in exhibition services and event project management.

Established in 1987, we are now in our fourth decade in business.

And for more than 30 years, it has been our good fortune to operate in a free society, one in which capitalism is vibrant, and which is hospitable to and supports and rewards hard work, daring, personal initiative, and creative thinking that builds and produces more effectively and more efficiently, and in higher quality and higher quantity, than any other nation on the planet.

Of course, freedom and liberty – the natural state of humanity – has enemies, and is often attacked, infringed on, subjugated, and destroyed.

2012 Macy’s July 4th Fireworks over Manhattan, New York City (Image credit: New York Daily News)

Preserving and protecting, and winning back, freedom and liberty, has often required great sacrifice, mountainous loss of life and suffering, bold and epic leadership, and indomitable will and perseverance.

Such qualities, such character, were firmly resident in the 56 men, delegates from the 13 American colonies and members of the Second Continental Congress, who signed “The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America” – the title of which has been transmitted to posterity as the “Declaration of Independence” – a sacred text approved on and dated July 4, 1776.

On this blog, Willwork, from time to time, likes to tie the business in which we work – shows, events, celebrations, and conventions – to holidays and current events, great episodes in history, and admirable and virtuous people and their accomplishments and contributions to society.

Now, for sure, what took place in Philadelphia in the early summer of 1776 is the among the most momentous of events in history – and one that has, from its inception … as it always will … inspired and launched and fueled the grandest and most colorful celebrations of light and sound.

Countdown to July 4th, Independence Day

While the American Revolution was already underway, and with its armed conflict between the American colonies and England launched on the morning of April 19, 1775 in the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and Concord, the Declaration of Independence took things to a new level.

No longer did the rebellion of English citizens in America include the possibility that the colonies would remain part of the British Empire if King George III and Parliament assented to cease imposing unjust laws and regulations, including onerous taxation, on Americans.

No, that ship had sailed.  Now the fight was about establishing a new nation.

Declaring independence meant there could be turning back, and not acceptable to Congress would be any solution to the crisis that included the colonies still under English rule.

On June 11, 1776, the Second Continental Congress, anticipating that soon it would be ready and have the consensus of support to win a vote to declare separation from England, named a Committee of Five to draft a document would be sent to King George and Parliament, and which would be made universally available, that declared independence and described and explained the reasons for the declaration.

Members of the Committee were Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts,Benjamin Franklin (Pennsylvania), Robert R. Livingston (New York), and Roger Sherman of Connecticut.  Thomas Jefferson, 33 years old, was appointed the lead in writing the document.

The Committee of Five, on June 28, presented a draft of the declaration to Congress.

On July 2, 1776, delegates from 12 of 13 colonies – New York abstained – voted to approve a resolution put forth by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia to declare the colonies independent from Great Britain.  (New York voted, on July 19, to join in supporting the Declaration of Independence, and therefore, also, the resolution of July 2).

It is understood how John Adams believed, as he exulted in a letter to his wife, dated July 2, 1776, that the day of year would be commemorated in perpetuity in the following manner:

“… it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty; it ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forever more.”

After the passage of the Lee Resolution, Congress devoted two days of debate and discussion about, and proposing and making changes to, the treatise. Yet, for sure, the final text largely remains the result of what was transmitted by the extraordinary mind and pen of Thomas Jefferson.

On July 4,1776, the Continental Congress approved the declaration, even if it would be not until early August that most of the delegates signed the document.  (Jefferson actually made some minor changes to the declaration on   July 5.)

And what a declaration … and what a document.

With the rarest of literary precision, and with timeless beauty, poetry, and eloquence, the Declaration of Independence made the case for, and advanced the argument that, England had deprived the residents of its American colonies of the natural rights to which all people are heir at the moment of their birth (even as it would be a long while in the nation before non-whites and women were permitted to fully enjoy and experience those rights).

The entire Declaration of Independence is a gorgeous piece of writing and argumentation – and unto itself, the preamble, which we share here, is enshrined in our national consciousness and an inspiration for freedom-loving and freedom-yearning people the world over:

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. – That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, – That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.”

Celebrating and Announcing Independence; The Fireworks and Parades Commence

A nation had been born.  And either England would consent to the American independence, and not oppose it – or England would continue to contest, by arms, the colonies breaking away from the Crown, and crush the insurgency.  Or the colonies would win what the Declaration of Independence proclaimed.

And the news spread of what happened in Philadelphia – and launched were the first July 4th celebrations.  Below is an excerpt from a study, The Declaration of Independence: First Public Readings, researched by James R. Heintze, a professor at American University:

“The Declaration of Independence was printed during the late afternoon on Thursday, July 4, by John Dunlap, a local Philadelphia printer.  Congress ordered that copies be sent to ‘the several Assemblies, Conventions, and Committees or Councils of Safety, and to the several Commanding officers of the Continental Troops, that it be proclaimed in each of the United States, and at the head of the Army.’  By the next morning copies were on their way to all thirteen states by horseback and on July 5 the German Pennsylvanischer Staatsbote, published by Heinrich Miller, became the new nation’s first newspaper to announce that the Declaration had been adopted.  On Saturday, July 6, the first newspaper print edition of the full text of the Declaration appeared in the Philadelphia Evening Post.  On Monday, July 8, the Declaration of Independence was ‘proclaimed’ (read aloud) by Col. John Nixon of the Philadelphia Committee of Safety at the State House in Philadelphia.  It was also read again that evening before the militia on the Commons.  Throughout the city, bells were rung all day.  On that as well the Declaration was publicly read in Easton, Pennsylvania, and Trenton, New Jersey.  It was these first public readings which constituted America’s first celebrations of the Fourth of July.  Typically in towns and cities across the nation accompanying the oral declarations were loud shouts, huzzas, firings of muskets, and the tearing down of the British emblems.  In Baltimore, for example, on July 29, the town was illuminated and ‘the Effigy of our late King was carted through the town and committed to the flames amidst the acclamations of many hundreds.  The just reward of a Tyrant.’”

Still, while the creation and the adoption of the Declaration of Independence were necessary to founding the United States of America, independence would not be won without continued and immense sacrifice of blood and treasure.

It was not until October 19, 1781 – more than five years after Philadelphia and July 4, 1776 – thatBritish General Charles Cornwallis surrendered his troops to an American and French force at Yorktown, Virginia, which resulted in the cessation of almost all fighting … and America gaining its independence … even if small clashes continued for two more years.

The American Revolution formally ended in Paris on September 3, 1783, with American and British representatives approving the Treaty of Paris.

But there could be no doubt that what happened on July 4, 1776 announced to Britain … and to the world … that this upstart assembly of colonies were prepared to give all to be free.  Indeed, all those men who signed the Declaration of Independence, in that they were considered by England to be subjects of the Crown, were deemed by the Mother Country to be committing treason, a crime punishable by death.

Benjamin Franklin understood the risk and peril. A letter he wrote which he sent to his colleagues in the Second Continental Congress just prior to the vote on the declaration, included these words: “We must, indeed, all hang together – or most assuredly we shall all hang separately.”

A big deal.  A very big deal.

And John Adams was right.  America declaring its independence will be “solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forever more.”

As for those fireworks, if you click here you will be taken to a Travel + Leisure story, “The Best Fourth of July Fireworks in Every U.S. State,” written by Emily Cappiello, and published on June 30, 2017.

There can be no July 4th without fireworks – without “illuminations.”

May there always be July 4th and the fireworks – from sea to sea.

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services shouts out a “Happy Birthday America!!”


On the Subject of Prodigies, and Being Gifted and Wise Far Beyond One’s Years – and of Stefan Vilsmeier and Brainlab

Brainlab AG founder and CEO Stefan Vilsmeier (Image credit: Brainlab AG)

Let’s talk prodigies.  Encyclopaedia Brittanica defines a prodigy as “a child who, by about age 10, performs at the level of a highly trained adult in a particular sphere of activity or knowledge.”

Merriam-Webster defines a prodigy as “a highly talented child or youth” – a definition which, it would seem, allows for prodigies who are older than 10. Perhaps 16? How about 17?  Maybe 18?

Now, for sure, broadly and generally, in society, the term prodigy is applied to children, or teens, or those in early adulthood (let’s call 21 the cutoff age), who are exceptionally … and we mean exceptionally … gifted, skilled, and talented beyond their years.

A poster child for prodigies is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.  Born in Austria in 1756, Mozart played the piano skillfully at 3; he taught himself the violin at 4. At 6, his piano playing wowed and enamored audiences across Europe.

Pablo Picasso was a prodigy.  Born in Spain, in 1881, it is said he could draw before he could talk.  And when he started to talk, he did so by saying, “piz,” which is short for lápiz, the Spanish word for pencil.

Picasso applied to the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona when he was 13.  The application process usually took a month. Picasso finished the application in a week, and so impressed the admissions jury that it enthusiastically chose to accept him.

Of course, for both Mozart and Picasso, their childhoods and adolescences were foundations and jumping off points to lives of extraordinary artistic prolificacy, and delivering work that is brilliantly transformative in beauty, power, and revelation.

Mabou Loiseau is a prodigy.  When she was 8, Ms. Loiseau, the daughter of Haitian immigrants, spoke English, French, Arabic, Spanish, Russian, Mandarin, Creole, Japanese, and knew and was able to communicate in American Sign Language (ASL); yes, that’s nine languages.  Ms. Loiseau skillfully played the piano, violin, drums, guitar, harp, clarinet, flute, and conga.   Ms. Loiseau, a New York City resident, also was involved in dance and sports.  Mabou Loiseau is now 13, and continues to learn and be amazing.

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services has ties to … we are only a degree or two separated … from a man who holds true and solid prodigy credentials.

Stefan Vilsmeier is his name.  Mr. Vilsmeir is a medical technology titan.  Before Mr. Vilsmeir was a medical tech titan, he was a prodigy.

Stefan Vilsmeier is the founder and CEO of Brainlab AG, a global leader in developing, manufacturing, and marketing “software-driven medical technology, enabling access to advanced, less invasive patient treatments.”

It is and has been the privilege of Willwork to provide services to, and to work closely with, and for, Brainlab AG.

Stefan Vilsmeier and Early Brilliance, Early Achievement

Born in 1967, Stefan Vilsmeier grew up in a suburb of Munich. As a teenager, he taught himself computer programming.  An enthusiastic gamer, he used his technology talents and imagination to create video games.  At the age of 17, Mr. Vilsmeier wrote a book on 3D graphics that became a bestseller, with more than 50,000 books sold.

With a bestselling book behind him, Mr. Vilsmeier then coupled his creative and programming gifts, with high energy, a driving work ethic, entrepreneurial zeal, and excellent entrepreneurial insight to build the groundwork and foundation for Brainlab.

Following is an excerpt from Mr. Vilsmeier’s bio at the Brainlab website:

“In 1989, Vilsmeier enrolled at the Technical University of Munich, Germany, to study Computer Programming and The Theory of Medical Technology. However, his enterprising nature and burgeoning business in computer-assisted medical technology left little time for theory. While still in the first semester, Vilsmeier founded Brainlab GmbH from the proceeds of his book. During the following years, Stefan Vilsmeier spearheaded new developments in the area of neuro-navigation and radiotherapy.”

Please click here to be taken to the full Stefan Vilsmeier bio.

Stefan Vilsmeier and Brainlab Capitalized on the Value of Tradeshows

Early in his stewarding and directing Brainlab – and Willwork just has to point this out – Stefan Vilsmeier capitalized on and accessed the opportunity of tradeshows to market and sell his company and its technology.

In 1992, Mr. Vilsmeier and Brainlab made a strong and strategic foray into the U.S. market, exhibiting at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) Annual Scientific Meeting in Washington, D.C.  The Brainlab exhibit at the show, and this should not be surprising, was one that Mr. Vilsmeier designed and built himself.

Last year, close to half of Brainlab’s $311.1 million (€ 260 million) in revenue was generated in the United States.

Stefan Vilsmeier and Brainlab Continue to Believe in Tradeshows

Today, Brainlab, still based in Munich, employs 1,300 across 19 locations internationally.  There are almost 12,000 Brainlab technology systems operating in more than 100 countries.

And, today, Stefan Vilsmeier and Brainlab remain deeply and strongly committed to tradeshows as an integral component of marketing Brainlab technology, telling the Brainlab story, and strengthening and solidifying the Brainlab brand.

As explained at the Brainlab website –

“Every year Brainlab participates in dozens of large and hundreds of regional tradeshows all around the globe. Events are a great way for us to not only get to know our current and future customers, but also present new products and gain valuable feedback for products that are still in development. We look forward to welcoming you at the next Brainlab event!”

This all sounds good to Willwork.  Then, again, we sure don’t have to be sold on the value of tradeshows.

Willwork looks forward to continuing to provide optimum tradeshow and exhibit services and value to Brainlab, the company founded by a prodigy, and which produces the “software-driven medical technology” that heals and delivers hope and improves lives the world over.






Changing of the guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Arlington National Cemetery, 2005. U.S. Army soldiers, from left to right, Sgt. Benton Thames, Sgt. Jeff Binek, and                Spc. William Johnson. (Image credit: Sgt. Erica Vinyard, U.S. Army)


“The cost of freedom is always high, but Americans have always paid it.  And one path we shall never choose, and that is the path of surrender, or submission.”


“Our flag does not fly because the wind moves it.  It flies with the last breath of each soldier who died protecting it.”



Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a national leading exhibit services and exhibition management company.  In 2018, we entered our fourth decade in business.

When Willwork launched, in 1987, our sole service was exhibit installation & dismantle, and for the first few years we were in business, we rarely worked outside of Southern New England, with Boston the location of about 80 percent of all our jobs.

Today, Willwork works in cities, towns, villages, and hamlets across America. We also handle, on occasion, international assignments.  Willwork maintains offices in major metropolitan areas throughout the United States.

Our client list includes among the largest and most successful multinational corporations, and also small, recently started companies, which you may not heard of … but you will.

In this space, we often publish posts that tie our business to historic events, and short-term and long-term historic legacies.  Maybe this has something to do in that Will Nixon, President of Willwork, is a former high school history and social studies teacher.

Memorial Day is an annual national day of observance and for honoring those who died in defense of our republic while serving in the U.S. Armed Forces.

Memorial Day is a day of reflection; it is a day of remembering history.

If you click here you will be taken to a story about Memorial Day and its history at History.com.

Among the information to be learned from the story is that the origins of Memorial Day go back to the Civil War, a conflict so deadly and so costly and so terrible that a consequence of which was the creation and establishment of America’s first national cemeteries.

Willwork notes, here, on the occasion of Memorial Day, a historic and notable connection our company holds to the Civil War and martial sacrifice.

Willwork’s corporate headquarters are in South Easton, MA, which is a section of the incorporated town of Easton (Incorporated 1725), which about 25 miles south of Boston, about halfway between Boston and Providence.

Men from Easton were in the first regiment from the Union that stepped on to Confederate soil in the Civil War.  Responding to the call to save the Union were 277 men from Easton, 47 of whom perished in the conflict.

Of course, it was in Boston, and the nearby communities of Concord and Lexington, where Americans first started to die to establish the United States of America.  Men from Easton – a town, again, incorporated 50 years prior to the start of the Revolutionary War – fought for independence.

Last year, for Memorial Day, on this blog, Willwork honored the sacrifice of American founding patriots, and also described an epic and extraordinary feat of logistics performed by General George Washington’s soldiers – a feat of logistics which forced the British army, in March of 1776, to evacuate Boston.  This evacuation was a tremendous strategic and moral victory for a nation ascendant.

Clicking here will take you to the 2017 Memorial Day post.

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services and its employees, and its contract workers, are immensely fortunate to live and work in a land that is imperfect and flawed – and which is far and away, of all nations, the greatest provider of opportunity and protector of freedom.

President Abraham Lincoln was thoroughly correct when he wrote of the United States of America that it was “the last best hope of earth.”

Willwork recognizes that integral and fundamental to “the last best hope of earth” is the framework of the constitutional republic that was founded in 1776.  Freedom and liberty that our constitutional republic – this nation of laws – protects includes the political and economic system of capitalism, the private ownership and means of production, which draws people from all parts of the world to our shores to chase and work for their own American Dream.

And across America, from shore to shore, from sea to sea, across all 50 of these states united … and in places far, far from our home … are found the memorials to and final resting places of those – and here we invoke again words of Abraham Lincoln, words found in the sacred text he delivered at Gettysburg – who “gave the last full measure of devotion” so that America “might live.”

Willwork hopes for all a happy and safe and fun Memorial Day Weekend.

For all those who have served or are serving in our armed forces, Willwork says thank you. We know that for you Memorial Day is necessarily and especially solemn and holds a meaning that the protected cannot know.

But the protected can show respect.  At the very least the protected can show respect.

We can embrace and hold on to and be guided by and act on what General Colin Powell told us and expressed in the following excerpt from his address on stage at the 2013 Memorial Day Concert in Washington D.C.:

“It’s easy to celebrate the brave men and women of our armed forces and appreciate their sacrifice on Memorial Day and then return to our daily lives.  Let us practice the lesson of the Good Samaritan.  To not pass by on the other side of those in need. But to reach out a helping hand, as true neighbors. We can all do something. Volunteer to welcome our vets and their families back into the community.  Encourage employers to hire veterans.  Get involved with your local veterans organizations. Simply listen to their stories.  These men and women are our heroes who stood tall for us in every dangerous part of the world.  They have kept us safe.  So keep them and their families in your hearts and minds – and find tangible ways to help and honor them, always.”

Yes, as General Powell advised, “We can all do something.”

(Willwork is fortunate and benefits from the contributions of employees who served honorably in the U.S. Armed Forces. In fact, Will Nixon is World War II-era veteran who served with the U.S. Army.)

Please click here to be taken to the audio-video clip of General Powell’s full speech at the 2013 Memorial Day Concert.

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services earnestly and fervently hopes … and earnestly and fervently calls for … that all Americans always remember that the freedoms and liberties we enjoy, and from which we benefit, while they are the birthright of all humanity, they are also protected and secured and safeguarded by the expenditure of the most extraordinary love and giving and sacrifice.

And if we, America, hope to remain free and live in liberty, we need to be a nation of people who live in a way, to build and live lives, that honor and thank those who gave all for the nation.

We need to live this way, and build and live those lives, not just on Memorial Day, but every day.



Infrastructure Week – Building America and Supporting the Skilled Trades

It is nice, encouraging, and inspiring when there are initiatives that receive broad-ranging support, and which are championed by Democrats, Independents, Republicans, liberals, and conservatives.

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services gives a call out to one of those initiatives: Infrastructure Week – actually, more specifically, the 6th Annual Infrastructure Week – which is ongoing and upon us, with this year’s edition running from May 14-21.

Infrastructure Week is the baby and brainchild of the nonprofit organization of the same name.

Here is a descriptor of Infrastructure Week from the organization’s website:

“Infrastructure Week, a non-profit organization, convenes a national week of education and advocacy that brings together American businesses, workers, elected leaders, and everyday citizens around one message in 2018: Americans are waiting. The future won’t. It’s #TimeToBuild.  Each year during IWeek, leaders and citizens around America highlight the state of our nation’s infrastructure – roads, bridges, rail, ports, airports, water and sewer systems, the energy grid, telecoms, and more – and the projects, technologies, and policies necessary to make America competitive, prosperous, and safe.

“Our bipartisan Steering Committee and nearly 400 affiliates host events, drive media attention, and educate stakeholders and policymakers on the critical importance of infrastructure to America’s economic competitiveness, security, job creation, and in the daily lives of every American. As a business, union, non-profit, government, or an individual who depends on infrastructure, you have an important story to tell. Find a way to participate and tell your fellow citizens and policymakers: We’re tired of waiting. It’s Time to Build.”

And here is some language taken from the FAQ section of the Infrastructure Week website: “Infrastructure Week is non-partisan, is not affiliated with any political candidate, and does not take a position on any legislation or elections.”

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a national leader in exhibition services and event project management.  Fundamental and integral to our success is our deep reserve of highly skilled tradespeople.  And, of course, we find tremendous merit in infrastructure-based development and construction, for it puts skilled tradespeople to work.

It is important to remember that while, in the U.S., the history of infrastructure building and maintenance and renovation is largely and vastly one of publicly financed projects, there have also been many infrastructure projects financed through public-private partnerships, also called P3s or PPPs.

Actually, P3s are more popular as a financing mechanism in other countries than they are in the U.S., with the main reason being that America, as is the case with only a few nations worldwide, exempts the interest earned on local and state bonds from the taxes that Uncle Sam assesses.  The U.S. bond market, as a result, is bigger and more advanced than in other countries, making exclusive public financing of infrastructure attractive.

Yet, states and the federal government are looking for new streams of financing, and there are more and more P3 projects in the U.S.

An example of a successful P3 is Florida’s I-595 Corridor Roadway Improvement Project a partnership between the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) and the private concessionaire I-595 Express, LLC.   The project, approved in 2008, and commenced in 2009, involves design, building, financing, operation, and maintenance over a 35-year term – and to date has been coming in on time and on budget.

Smart, innovative, and strategic infrastructure investment is necessary for the overall strength of America.

Infrastructure Week advances a good and noble cause.




Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services Heralds the Ennobling Power of the Love of Mothers, and their Role as Foundation and Nurturer of the Best of this World and Humanity

Mommy cheetah and her cub (image credit: Desktop Nexus)


“Mama was my greatest teacher, a teacher of compassion, love and fearlessness. If love is sweet as a flower, then my mother is that sweet flower of love.”


“Any mother could perform the jobs of several air traffic controllers with ease.”


Almost every great achievement and endeavor, every extraordinary accomplishment, is owed in some way – and in most cases in a major way – to the influence and love and guiding hand of a mother.

For sure, owed considerably to the success of Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is the work and giving and guidance of so many mothers whose influence was integral in bringing up exceptional people with strong virtues who now do exceptional work for our company.

It needs to be noted here that Willwork president William F. Nixon and his wife, Helen, married for 52 years until Helen’s passing in 2007, had eight children.  And, indeed, Helen Nixon was known for her strength, devotion to family, and amazing ability to budget the salary of her husband – who, during the formative years of the children, worked as a public high school teacher and coach – so that all the kids (six girls and two boys) wanted for nothing.

Every day should be Mother’s Day, of course, but it is wholly proper and good and appropriate that yearly a day is dedicated to honoring and thanking and doing something especially nice for mom.

Mother’s Day in the U.S. has been with us for a little more than a century now.

In the entry on Mother’s Day at the HISTORY website, we learn that “the American incarnation of Mother’s Day was created by Anna Jarvis in 1908 and became an official U.S. holiday in 1914.”

And we are also informed in the entry that “Jarvis would later denounce the holiday’s commercialization and spent the latter part of her life trying to remove it from the calendar.”

Now, we hear and can empathize with the lament of Anna Jarvis – and we know that commercialization of Mother’s Day, and other holidays, is overdone.  But in that Willwork does a considerable amount of work with and for the hospitality industry, we suggest and we submit that taking mom out for dinner, and perhaps to a show or concert, or on a local tour, or maybe even on a trip to a place far away … and also purchasing for mom flowers and other gifts … can be done in a manner that is measured and balanced and wholesome, and which is a healthy extension of true love and devotion.

Then, again, a bit of lavish spending on mom can be totally in order.  Provided, of course, that the purchase of “things” radiates from that true love and devotion, and that it doesn’t put the buyer in financial straits.

Still, and this will always be the case, the most valuable gifts are not bought in stores, as moms around the world explain every day with their actions

All too often, though, sons and daughters don’t appreciate and recognize just how much mothers give to, and do for, them.  Sometimes, Mom’s children don’t appreciate and understand all that Mom has done for them until she is gone.  Sadly, there are those children who never comprehend what Mom gave and the effort she expended to make their lives better.

All-star motivational speaker Mark Mero is a former professional wrestler and amateur boxer who, in earlier days, lived an unhealthy life, associating with the wrong people and boozing and drugging.  A primary reason that the bad influences did not destroy him is because he had a mother who always looked out for him, and who never gave up on him.

Please click here to be taken to a video of Mark Mero delivering a powerful and moving talk to young people in which he honors his mother, and in which he discusses that it was not until the immediate aftermath of her sudden death that he gained a much fuller and insightful recognition of the positive and enduring influence she served in his life.

The mothering and maternal instinct compels exceptional women to not only take care of their biological children, but the biological and noble impulse compels them to take care and watch over all children, and to work to make better the lives of all young people.

Irene Sendler, mother of two, savior of 2500 children (image credit: People’s Republic of Poland)

Irene Sendler, a Polish Catholic woman, and mother of two, during World War II served in the Polish Underground, and risked her life over and over in leading an effort that smuggled 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto, saving the children from transport to the Nazi concentration and extermination camps.  Sendler was arrested by the Nazis, who tortured her to extract the identities and hiding places of children she had saved.  Sendler refused to divulge the information.  She was sentenced to death, but was saved on the day the sentence was to be carried out when, a German officer, bribed by a Polish citizens group, allowed her to escape.  After the escape, Sendler continued her rescue efforts.  Irene Sendler died in 2008 at the age of 98.

Josephine Baker is best known as a pioneer for black entertainers and an icon of the Jazz Age.  Born in St. Louis in 1906, she achieved stardom as dancer in Paris during the 1920s.  In 1934, Baker became the first person of color to star in a major motion picture (Zouzou), which cemented her status as the first person of color to achieve international renown as an entertainer.  Soon after Baker married French industrialist Jean Lyon in 1937, she became a citizen of France.  Baker assisted the French Resistance during World War II.  After the war, and into the 1960s, Baker traveled to the U.S. where she refused to perform for segregated audiences, and contributed to and took a prominent role in the Civil Rights Movement. Baker adopted 12 children whom represented a diversity of ethnicities and religions, and collectively which she called “The Rainbow Tribe.”

Josephine Baker, in 1959, with members of the Rainbow Tribe. At right is Baker’s husband Joe Bouillon (image credit: St. Louis Post-Dispatch)

J.K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter fantasy novel series, the best-selling book series in history, wrote the first Harry Potter novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, while a single mother of a young daughter, and suffering from depression and receiving public assistance. Rowling, now mother of three, has said, “I am prouder of my years as a single mother than any other part of my life.”  Her days as a single mother motivate her.  Among Rowling’s philanthropic causes is serving as president of Gingerbread, an organization that provides support, education, and is an advocate for single-parent families.

Motherhood is not an obligation and a duty that only we humans respect and observe.  Across the animal kingdom, mothers will do all for their children.

Please click here to be taken to a video which is a compilation of remarkable and sometimes courageous conduct of mommy animals in the protection and care of their young   The video was created, for Mother’s Day 2017, by The Dodo, a company that develops and produces a treasure of excellent and fun media for animal lovers, and also advocates for animal welfare.  Clicking here will take you to The Dodo YouTube channel.

Willwork hopes you have enjoyed and found interesting this honoring of, and tribute to, mothers and their vital role and work in improving and keeping healthy society and civilization.

To All Mothers out there – whether human or of another life form – Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services wishes you the Happiest of Mother’s Days!!















As Spring Continues to Bloom, as Warmer and Longer Days Approach, Willwork Exhibit & Event Services Takes a Look at a Selection of the World’s Best Flower Shows

Flower Carpet of Brussels, in 2016, at the La Grand Place in Brussels (image credit: Jami 430)

“Spring unlocks the flowers to paint the laughing soil.”


Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a national leader in exhibition services and event project management.

Founded in 1987, Willwork is in its fourth decade in business.

Willwork likes to use this space to discuss all types, all aspects, of events and shows and exhibitions and meetings.  We like to be timely and current in our commentaries and reflections.

Now that we are in April, and 17 days beyond the calendar launch of spring (March 20 this year) – and with the woods and waterways around the Willwork corporate office having, within the past few days, come alive with the sound which for many truly marks the advent of spring: that of spring peeper frogs sounding their sleigh-bell-ringing chorus – we thought it appropriate to do a call out and feature here today a selection from the world’s more renowned and established flower shows.

Many of the international all-star flower shows are held in March (and some in February), and are out ahead of the day on the calendar that spring begins – with this scheduling one of anticipation and hope and the foretelling of increasing warmth and longer days.

Among those shows, here listed with their 2018 dates, are the Philadelphia Flower Show (March 3-11), the largest indoor flower show in the world; the Hong Kong Flower Show (March 16-25); Canada Blooms (March 9-18) in Toronto; and the Santa Barbara International Orchid Show (March 9-11).

Then there is the Melbourne International Garden & Flower Show in Melbourne, Australia, held for five days starting, depending on the year, in either late March or early April, which in the Southern Hemisphere marks the advent of fall.  This year, the Melbourne International Garden & Flower Show ran from March 21 through March 25.

But many flower shows are ongoing, or have not yet opened their 2018 edition.

Artist rendering of the David Harber and Savills Garden, one of the Show Gardens in the 2018 RHS Chelsea Flower Show

One of those shows is the RHS Chelsea Flower Show, which promotes itself – and it just might be speaking the truth – as the “world’s most prestigious flower show.”  It certainly is the most prestigious flower show in the United Kingdom, one attended by horticultural and landscape enthusiasts and students from around the globe.

Beginning in 1862, the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) held annually, for 26 years, in the Kensington section of London, what was then called the Royal Horticultural Society Great Spring Show.  In 1888, the show was moved to the Temple area in central London where it stayed until 1912 when the show was relocated to the grounds of the Royal Hospital Chelsea in the Chelsea neighborhood of London.  This site has been the home of the RHS Chelsea Flower Show, which has been held annually in May, with the exception of two years (1917-1918) during World War I, and the years of World War II.  Over that period the show ran for four days, until 2005, when another day was added.

Every year, the RHS Chelsea Flower Show hosts about 157,000 visitors.  The dates for this year’s show are May 22-25.  Tickets must be purchased in advance.

Selection of rose varieties on display at the 2015 Portland Rose Festival’s Spring Rose Show (image credit: Mike Darcy)

The largest and longest-running rose show in the United States is the Spring Rose Show, one of the events of the Portland Rose Festival conducted every year, with the opening date usually a day in late May or early June, and with a run of two to three weeks.  Started in 1907, the Portland Rose Festival promotes Portland, OR and the surrounding region.  This year the festival will be held over a longer stretch, with the first event, the Rose City Sing-Off, to be held tomorrow, and the concluding event, the Cambia-Portland Classic, an LPGA golf tournament, which will be held from August 30 through September 2.

Actually, the Spring Rose Show is older than the Portland Rose Festival, and celebrates its 130th annual installment in 2018.  Following is some information on the Spring Rose Show, which this year runs for two days, Thursday, June 7, and Friday, June 8:

“Each year, the Lloyd Center hosts the Annual Spring Rose Show, the largest and longest-running rose show in the nation. The exquisite beauty and fragrances of this yearly show emanate from more than 4,000 blooms. Entry is open to anyone, and all entrants are encouraged. Rose growers from across the Pacific Northwest participate, and some 6,000 spectators from across the country are expected to visit this year’s Spring Rose Show. Sparkling trophies go to those entrants who grow the most beautiful roses.”

Flower Parade at Festa Da Flor Da Madeira (image credit: Festa Da Flor Da Madeira)

Festa Da Flor – Madeira (The Madeira Flower Festival), with its origins going back to the mid 1950s, is held annually in spring in Funchal, the largest city in the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira, located in the north Atlantic Ocean.  April 19 through May 6 are the 2018 dates for the festival.

The Madeiran islands were long known, collectively, as the “Island of Flowers,” a title inspired by the experience of tourists visiting the islands and seeing the busy trade of vendors selling flowers, and how it was a custom of the residents of Madeira to fill their homes with fresh flowers.  Contributing to the flower culture of Madeira is that its climate is hospitable to healthy growth of both tropical and cold weather plants.

It only makes sense, and it is only right, that Madeira would have a great flower festival.

And Festa Da Flor Da Madeira is not just about flowers, for it is a celebration of spring, and of Madeira, with many activities, including parades and music and acrobats, and in which is highlighted the history and food and culture of the islands.

The Singapore Garden Festival, a yearly event, is not a spring production, but one of summer – so close enough.  It is also young in that the inaugural year of the Singapore Garden Festival was 2010.

But, for sure, the Singapore Garden Festival is already a premier international happening, and the organizers of the festival – Gardens by the Bay and the National Parks Board of the Government of Singapore – have full intentions of building on its prestige and renown.

A Landscape Garden at the 2016 Singapore Garden Festival (image credit: LONELY TRAVELOG)

“Festival Highlights”– with July 21 through August 3 this year’s dates – are the Landscape & Fantasy Gardens, Floral Windows to the World, Balcony Gardens, Orchid Extravaganza, and Vibrant MarketPlace.

A post dedicated to the world’s best flower shows has to include the Flower Carpet of Brussels, a flower exhibit and extravaganza – yes, an actual carpet … a magnificent carpet … of flowers – which, since 1971, has been created every two years in August in the La Grand Place, the historic and classical square in the Belgian capital of Brussels.

Among so much that is remarkable about the Flower Carpet of Brussels is that it is installed in four hours by an all-volunteer crew.  Indeed, unto itself, the construction and planting of the carpet is a fascinating draw for spectators.

In 2018, the installation of the carpet will take place from 8 am to 12 noon on August 16.  After completion of the Flower Carpet, the exhibition will be open to the public later that day from 1 to 6 pm, followed at 10 pm with an opening sound-and-light show.  The Flower Carpet will also be open for viewing On August 17 and 18, with sound and light shows on both days at 9:30, 10:00, and 10:30 pm.


Flowers transmit feel-good and inspiration.

They do so when we encounter and mingle with them in the untamed or lightly-tamed outdoors … or in our home garden … or in public parks.

They do so when they are exalted and featured in the designs and presentations of grand and famous flower shows.

Days are getting longer, and nights shorter, and temps are rising.

And nature, as it always does, fulfills its promise – and continues its awakening and efflorescence of color … and its blooming and renewal.


The National Museum of African American History & Culture, on the day of its opening, September 24, 2016 (Image credit: Monica Morgan/WireImage.)


“It was in 1964 when the author James Baldwin reflected on the shortcomings of his education. “When I was going to school,” he said, “I began to be bugged by the teaching of American history because it seemed that that history had been taught without cognizance of my presence.”

Opening paragraph of the January 29, 2016 Time magazine story, “This Is How February Became Black History Month,” by Julian Zorthian


Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a leading national exhibition services and event management company.

Founded in 1987, we are now in our fourth decade in business.

We are a company that benefits from the diversity of America, and from our diverse work force.

Willwork recognizes strength in diversity.

In the U.S., every February since 1976 has been officially designated as Black History Month – a month-long celebration and commemoration of the contributions of blacks to the nation and its culture.

Canada and the United Kingdom also celebrate and commemorate February as Black History Month.

Carter G. Woodson (1875-1950) is the founder of Black History Month.

Woodson, the son of slaves, earned a bachelor’s degrees from Berea College, a bachelor’s and master’s degree from the University of Chicago, and a PhD from Harvard University.  He became established and distinguished as a teacher, author, and historian.

Carter G. Woodson, Founder of Black History Month (Image credit: Biography)

Woodson employed his vocation and profile to fervently advocate for teaching, chronicling, and preserving history of the African diaspora.

In 1926, Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH) – which in 1973 was renamed the Association for the Study of African American Life and History  (ASALH) – jointly announced that the second week of February would be Negro History Week.

Carter Woodson and the ASALH were motivated to pick the second week in February because it contained the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln (February 12) and Frederick Douglas (February 14), both events that blacks had revered and honored since the late 1800s.

Starting in the 1940s, in certain areas of the country, expanded to a month was the week that Carter Woodson and the ASALH had designated as one in which there was a special and particular societal focus on the history of blacks in America.

This change and expansion of the event grew fast and strong in the 1960s.

In 1976, on the 50th anniversary of what would become Black History Week, the ASALH transitioned the event to, and established, Black History Month.

That year, President Gerald Ford, as would every succeeding president every year, designated February as Black History Month.

While, of course, it is wholly requisite and demanded of a good and noble society that every day be a day in which black history is acknowledged and learned and honored, Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services felt it appropriate to feature in and designate a blog post – yes, a blog post in February – to a selection of museums and exhibitions, and tours, that advance the mission and hopes of Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of African American Life and History.

The National Museum of African American History & Culture

The National Museum of African American History & Culture (NMAAHC), a Smithsonian museum in Washington D.C., is the “only national museum devoted exclusively to the documentation of African American life, history, and culture.”

Established through an act of Congress in 2003, the NMAAHC opened its doors on September 24, 2016, and became the 19th Smithsonian museum.

Officiating at the opening ceremony of the museum was President Barack Obama.

Point of Plains slave cabin in “Slavery and Freedom” exhibit in the National Museum of African American History and Culture (Image credit: SEGD)

Sir David Frank Adjaye, a Ghanaian British architect, was the lead designer of the remarkable and awe-inspiring NMAAHC building, which is located on the National Mall.  The building is clad in 3,600 bronze colored panels, has 350,000 square feet of floor space, and 10 stories, five above ground and five below ground.

Exhibited within the museum are approximately 37,000 artifacts, including photos, banners, statues, letters, Bibles, sheet music, audio recordings, clothing, film, musical instruments, digital images, paintings and drawings … and much more.

On exhibit in the museum are shards of stained glass that remained after the September 15, 1963 terrorist bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, AL that killed four girls: Addie Mae Collins, 14; Carole Denise McNair, 11;  Carole Robertson, 14;

Shards of broken stained glass remaining after the terrorist bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, AL on September 15, 1963 (Image credit: National Museum of African-American History & Culture)

and Cynthia Diane Wesley, 14.

Displayed are stools from the F.W. Woolworth lunch counter in Greensboro, NC, where, on February 1, 1960, four black men – Ezell Blair Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond – sat in the “For Whites Only” section.  This courageous protest launched the “sit-in” movement that spread throughout the South.

A training robe and headgear of Muhammad Ali’s is part of the exhibit dedicated to the great boxer, civil rights leader, and cultural legend.

There is a Carl Lewis exhibit where you can see up close three of the nine Olympic gold medals he won (he also has a silver medal in his trophy case).

Stools from the lunch counter of the F. W. Woolworth department store in Greensboro, North Carolina where four black students conducted the historic “sit in”. (Image credit: National Museum of African American History & Culture)

Carlotta Walls was the youngest of the Little Rock Nine, the heroic nine black students who, in 1957, under the protection of U.S. Army troops, enrolled at previously all-white Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, AK.  Carlotta Walls, like her Little Rock Nine brethren, endured intense bigotry, taunting, and abuse.

Walls graduated from Little Rock Central High School in 1959.  At the National Museum of African American History and Culture on exhibit is a dress that Carlotta Walls wore while attending the high school.

A hallowed and sacred place is the National Museum of African American History & Culture.

Museum of African American History

At the Museum of African American History (MAAH) – which has a campus in Boston and on the island of Nantucket – the focus is on telling the history and story of blacks in Massachusetts, from the colonial period through the 19th Century.

Boston was the heart of the abolitionist movement in America, and Nantucket had a thriving black community in the 1800s, and was also a safe haven for blacks fleeing slavery.

MAAH is comprised of four properties – two in Boston and two on Nantucket.

African American Meeting House in Boston (Image credit: History.com)

In Boston, the MAAH operates the African American Meeting House (1806), the oldest black church building in the U.S., and the Abiel Smith School (1835), the oldest still-standing school building in America constructed to educate black children.

One of the MAAH Nantucket properties is the Florence Higginbotham House, constructed in 1774 by Seneca Boston, a former slave, for the occupation of he and his wife, Thankful Micah, a Wampanoag Native American – and where the couple would raise their two sons:  Freeborn and Absalom, who would achieve renown as a whaling captain.

From the day that Seneca and Thankful took residence of the house, and for the next two centuries, with the exception of one year, the home was owned by and the residence of a black family.  There is no record of any home older in the nation that was built by free blacks for their own occupancy.

The MAAH-owned African Meeting House on Nantucket (circa 1827) is, as described on the museum’s website, as “the only public building still in existence that was constructed and occupied by the island’s African Americans during the nineteenth century.”

The Tuskegee Airmen, and the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site

The Tuskegee Airmen were the first black aviators in the U.S. armed forces.  During World War II, a period of official segregation in the U.S. military, these men signed up from across the nation to serve and defend the republic.

Tuskegee Airmen (image credit: Tuskegee University)

Tuskegee Airmen – whose roles included fighter pilots, ground crew, navigators, medical staff, cooks, and other needed services – trained in Alabama, at Moton Field (now a part of Moton Municipal Airport), and at the Tuskegee Army Airfield (now Sharpe Field), which had been designed by Hilyard Robinson, a black architect and engineer.

Tuskegee Airmen took classroom and academic training at nearby Tuskegee Institute.

Enduring racial discrimination at home and overseas, the 996 pilots and more than 1500 support personnel of the Tuskegee Airmen, performed with honor and high skill and effectiveness.  In World War II, Tuskegee Airmen flew 15,500 combat sorties in the European Theater and were awarded 150 Distinguished Flying Crosses for heroism.

Museum at the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic site; the “Red Tail” Mustang is prominent (Image credit: Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site)

Tuskegee Airmen are often referred to as the “Red Tails”, for the red markings on the Mustang fighter aircraft they flew in combat.

The Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site , located at Moton Field, is a National Park Service property and on the National Register of Historic Places.  At the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site, there is a visitor center, and a museum (housed in an airplane hanger) where are exhibited aircraft the Tuskegee Airmen flew and other artifacts and items related to their service.  Also at the museum, there are many audio commentaries, some narrated by Tuskegee Airmen, which visitors can listen to.

Harlem, and Harlem Heritage Tours

Harlem – a neighborhood in the north section of the the New York City borough of Manhattan – is a name that is closely and long identified with the black experience in this nation.  When the Great Migration, the large movement of blacks from the American South to American Midwest and Northeast, commenced around 1910, Harlem was a favored destination.

Harlem became a locus of black culture and business.

During the 1920s and ’30s, an extraordinary florescence of the creativity and production of black artists was centered in Harlem, and was known as the Harlem Renaissance.

The legendary blues and jazz singer Billie Holiday, musician greats, Ben Webster, left, and Johnny Russell, right, in Harlem, 1935 (image credit: JP Jazz Archive, Redferns)

In 1950, the percentage of the Harlem population that was black peaked, at almost 99 percent.  Across the ensuing years, even as Harlem remained widely identified as the capital of black urban America – a designation still firmly in place today – whites and Hispanics moved in to the neighborhood and grew their percentages of the Harlem population.

Today about 40 percent of Harlem residents are black.

An enriching and engaging way to learn first-hand about Harlem and its history – and to participate in and contribute to an economic renaissance ongoing in Harlem – it to take one of the bus or walking tours offered through Harlem Heritage Tours.

You will be engaged and learn a lot about what makes Harlem so special.


The National Museum of African-American History & Culture, Museum of African-American History, Tuskegee National Air Museum, and Harlem Heritage Tours are all cultural and historic treasures.

A visit to these places, and experiencing the exhibits and events and education they offer, is highly recommended – for it builds an understanding and appreciation for a fundamental and essential component of the greatness of America.









HOSPITALITY EDUCATION AND TRAINING – A BOOMING BUSINESS … A BOOMING SECTOR; Colleges and Universities, Vocational and Technical Schools, Trade Associations, and Civic Groups Are Meeting the Need to Educate and Train Skilled Hospitality Workers and Managers

Willwork master foreman Nate Gunn teaching a class at Willwork University

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a national leader in exhibition services and event project management.

In 2017 we are celebrating 30 years in business.

A primary reason for our success is that we invest considerably in the training and development of our employees, and of those skilled laborers who work with us on a project basis.

An example of our commitment to training is Willwork University, a pioneering program we developed and launched in 1998.

Willwork University is a two-day workshop held once a year at either our corporate headquarters outside of Boston, or at our Las Vegas or Orlando office.   Willwork University is a comprehensive combination of show-floor and classroom instruction in best practices and procedures of exhibit and event installation & dismantle.

Upon successful completion of Willwork University, attendees receive a Willwork University diploma.

With the meetings and events industry healthy and growing strong, there is an increasing need for skilled and talented exhibit I&D laborers.  Willwork and Willwork University trains and provides those workers.

Four-year colleges and universities, and community colleges, the world over are responding to the incessant growth in the meetings and events sector,  They are responding by expanding hospitality and event management degree programs or launching new programs.

Higher education is creating and developing new and better ways to educate and train future hospitality professionals, and to more effectively provide networking and job opportunities for students and graduates.

In higher education, while hospitality and event management schools and courses of study have long been prominent and popular, never … in terms of broadly domestically or internationally … have they been close in prominence and popularity to other schools and colleges and degree programs.

That may be changing.

Higher education is surely investing heavily in building and expanding these programs, and in marketing and advertising them.

Leading companies in the areas of conventions, tourism, food service, casinos, resorts, healthcare, corporate travel … and others … send recruiters to scout and interview students that are finishing their degrees in hospitality and event management.

Other institutions and organizations are meeting the demand to teach and train hospitality professionals.

Technical and vocational schools play a big role, and that role is growing, in preparing students for jobs in hospitality, and providing students with a solid foundation on which to launch and attain success in the field.

Such is the opportunity and rewards in delivering excellent hospitality services, and knowing how to plan events, that trade and community organizations offer their own training seminars and workshops.

In this post, Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services takes a look at and discusses a selection of hospitality education and training programs in the U.S.  We share information on the history of hospitality education and training.

We also give attention to and make some brief comments on the future of hospitality education and training and where it may be headed.

A Pioneer and the Standard

The origins of college hospitality programs go back more than 90 years, to 1922, and Howard B. Meek, a professor with the Department of Home Economics in the New York State College of Agriculture, a statutory college within Cornell University.

It was that year that Professor Meek launched, within the Department of Home Economics, the world’s first undergraduate hospitality management degree program.

Howard B. Meek (image credit: Hospitality Inside)

Professor Meek drew his inspiration to start the program from studying the rapid post World War I growth of the hotel industry, and his understanding of the consequent and growing need for well-trained hotel professionals.

Professor Meek’s first class had 21 students.

Soon, Professor Meek enlisted the support of prominent New York City hoteliers who successfully petitioned the New York state legislature to appropriate $11,000 annually for the running of the “Hotel Department.”.

In 1927, Ellsworth M. Statler, one of the most successful hotel entrepreneurs of his time, was invited by Hotel Department students to attend their Hotel Ezra Cornell (HEC), a two-day conference held annually.  Mr. Statler – or E.M. as he preferred to be called – understood that his attendance was organized by the students and Professor Meek with the intent of pitching him on donating money to the program.

A skeptical E.M. Statler attended HEC.  He wasn’t skeptical for long.  In fact, when asked to deliver a few words from the podium at the event, Mr. Statler said, “I’m converted. Meek can have any damn thing he wants.”

Mr. Statler and his family delivered.  Even though he died only 11 months after his attendance at HEC, Mr. Statler provided generously in his will for the Hotel Department.  Through the years, the Statler family and Statler Foundation have given millions of dollars to finance the “teaching, research, scholarships, and facilities” at the institution that Professor Meek founded and its progeny.

In 1949, E.M. Statler’s widow, Alice Statler, laid the cornerstone of Statler Hall, which became the home of the Hotel Department.

A year later, Statler Hall, and adjacent, Statler Inn, a 36-room teaching hotel with high-end amenities, opened.

In 1950, the Hotel Department became the School of Hotel Administration (SHA), its own college within Cornell University.

For almost 70 years, SHA remained a separate college; that was until 2016 when SHA, along with two other Cornell University colleges – the Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management and Johnson Graduate School of Management – were folded into the newly created Cornell University SC Johnson College of Business Administration.

SHA, commonly called “The Hotel School,” is widely and generally known as the world’s best and most prestigious hospitality and hotel management program.  In fact, in 2015, CEO World Magazine named SHA as the No. 1 hospitality and hotel management school in the world.

Cornell University’s Hotel School is a powerful global brand name in hospitality education.  Its alumni steer and manage hospitality business and organizations which operate in scope from local to international.

SHA offers undergraduate and graduate degrees and executive education certification.

What are particulars and specifics of the Hotel School curriculum?  For example, for students studying for their bachelor degrees at the Hotel School, what are classes they take, and areas of study that are available?

First-year undergraduate students all have the same core required courses.

Among those required courses are Organizational Behavior and Leadership Skills, Financial Accounting, Introduction to Hotel Operations, Introduction to Food Service Operations, and Business Computing.

To specialize in different areas of hospitality, SHA offers three bachelor degree concentrations and a bachelor degree minor.

SHA concentrations are Services Marketing & Operations Management (SMOM), Finance, Accounting & Real Estate Concentration (FARE), and Hospitality Leadership Concentration (HOLD).

The minor SHA offers is the Undergraduate Minor in Real Estate.

Required for completion of a bachelor’s degree is 800 hours of work in the hospitality field.

To enhance training and assist students forge professional relationships, the Hotel School operates the following five institutes where students can directly apply their learning and connect and work with SHA corporate partners:  Center for Hospitality Research, Center for Real Estate and Finance, Leland C. and Mary M. Pillsbury Institute for Hospitality Entrepreneurship,  Cornell Institute for Hospitality Labor and Employment Relations, and Cornell Institute for Healthy Futures.

Statler Hotel at Cornell University (image credit: ChamberofCommerce.com)

Helping to make The Hotel School No. 1 is its on-campus facilities, among them the Statler Hotel — a 153-room full-service award-winning luxury hotel and teaching hotel all in one — opened in 1989, and the successor to Statler Inn.

A Hospitality Management Program Blooms in the Desert

Finishing second in the 2015 CEO World survey is a school based in the best place for a higher education hospitality degree program: Las Vegas.

All facets and aspects of hospitality are in Las Vegas in abundance:  hotels, meetings, restaurants, conferences, gaming, entertainment … and more.

Las Vegas is the busiest convention and tradeshow city in the U.S. in terms of hosting the most major events and most total square footage these events occupy.

The William F. Harrah College of Hotel Administration at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) began 50 years ago as a hotel management program within Nevada Southern University.  Harrah College’s enrollment is 2,500.

Nevada Southern University became UNLV in 1969, and that same year the hotel management program was named the College of Hotel Administration.

In 1989, the college received a gift of $5 million from Vernah Harrah in the name of her late husband, the hotel and casino magnate William F. Harrah.  In recognition of the gift and to honor Mr. Harrah, the College of Hotel Administration was renamed for him.

Harrah Hotel College offers bachelor’s, master’s, and PhD degrees.

Within the Harrah Hotel College are the College of Hotel Administration, Department of Food and Beverage Management, Department of Hotel Management, Department of Recreation and Sport Management, and Department of Tourism and Administration.

Among the many bachelor of science degree programs available to Harrah Hotel College undergrads is a generalist degree in hospitality: the Bachelor of Science in Hospitality Management.   Students in this program can earn the Hospitality Management degree with a concentration in one of four areas:  Gaming Management, Meetings and Events, PGA Golf Management, and Restaurant Management.

Completion of a Harrah Hotel College bachelor’s degree requires 1000 hours of employment in the hospitality industry.

Now, of course, and it would only make sense, that Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services particularly appreciates a college that offers a Meetings and Events concentration.

As well, Willwork can only agree with the “Learning Objectives” of the Meetings and Events concentration as outlined by Harrah Hotel College:

  1. Develop an understanding of the significance of meetings and events within the hospitality industry.
  2. Understand the client or organization’s goals and objectives for the meeting and event.
  3. Produce a memorable event experience within budgetary constraints.
  4. Communicate effectively with internal and external constituents to develop proactive relationships when facilitating a successful meeting or event.

Here are links to the syllabi of three of the five courses that a student must take to earn, along with a bachelor of science degree in Hospitality Management, a concentration in Meetings and Events;  Introduction to the Convention Industry, Catering Operations, and Meeting Planning.

As described at the Harrah Hotel College website, “Each year the college organizes 600 internships, welcomes more than 100 hospitality brands for recruitment events, and pairs an average of 175 industry mentors with students.  These crucial relationships help build careers.”

The School

An institution of higher learning which consistently ranks near the top of the world’s best hospitality management programs is the School of Hospitality Business, an independent institution within the Eli Broad College of Business at Michigan State University.

Indeed, with a beginning traced to 1927, The School — as it is known to its alums, faculty, administrators, and students — vies with and contests the claim of The Hotel School at Cornell University as being the world’s first hospitality school.

The School offers undergraduate, graduate, and executive education programs.

Undergraduate students study for a Bachelor of Arts degree in Hospitality Business.

Two paid internships are required to complete the bachelor’s degree.

Like the Hotel School, The School offers a real estate minor: the Minor in Hospitality Business Real Estate Investment Management.

 Two paid internships are required to complete the bachelor’s degree.

Graduate degree programs that The School of Hospitality Business offers are the Michael L. Minor Master of Science in Foodservice Business Management, the Master of Science in Hospitality Business Management,,  and the Graduate Specialization in Hospitality Business.

Those successfully completing the Graduation Specialization in Hospitality Business program are awarded a PhD in the discipline.

An august and acclaimed institution within The School is the Hospitality Association (HA), the oldest student hospitality association in the nation.

The Hospitality Association is made up of nine clubs: American Hotel & Lodging Association (AH&LA), Club Managers Association of America (CMAA), Eta Sigma Delta, Global Hospitality Business Organization (GHBO), National Society of Minorities in Hospitality (NSMH), Professional Convention Management Association (PCMA), Real Estate Investment Club (REIC), Spartan Hospitality Food Society (SHFS),  and Spartan Enology Society (SES).

Here is an excerpt from a Hospitality Association backgrounder:  “Each one of these clubs’ schedules, speakers, tours, demonstrations, and other educational and social events catering to the diversified interests of the various club memberships.”

 Another Pioneer – and Excellent in the Field

Founded in 1937 at Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), Hotel Management was a pioneering and groundbreaking hospitality management higher ed program.

Hotel Management birthed the institution that would grow into what is today the Penn State School of Hospitality Management (HM).

HM, internationally renowned, is an academic unit within the Penn State College of Health and Human Development.

More than 700 undergraduate and graduate students are enrolled in the school.

Students in the HM undergraduate program study toward a Bachelor of Science in Hospitality Management.  Undergrad students can also earn a Minor in Entrepreneurship and Innovation.

The graduate track at HM is primarily designed for students to earn a Master of Science in Hospitality Management and go on to study for a PhD (HM offers a Doctor of Philosophy in Hospitality Management) or a career in industry research.

HM’s Conti Professorship Program names Conti Professors who are “recognized leaders within the hospitality industry” and “visit the school on a regular basis to interact with students and faculty, present guest lectures in hospitality and foodservice management, and speak at graduate and undergraduate colloquia.”

Cafe Laura, an on-campus restaurant, provides HM students the opportunity to work and learn and perform all aspects of restaurant management, service, and operations.

For most of the year, Cafe Laura is open during weekdays for lunch and dinner.  There are some weeks when the restaurant is closed; during the summer the restaurant is closed on Friday.

Cafe Laura periodically has a themed dinner menu: e.g. “A Taste of the Caribbean,” “An Evening at a French Bistro,” “California Wine Country,” “A Tribute to Tuscany,” and “The Best of New Orleans.”

Community Colleges and Vocational and Technical Schools – Associate Degrees and Certification

Community colleges and vocational and technical schools continue to build on and expand in offering associate degrees and certification programs which, at low or no financial cost to students, provide the skills and training to fill jobs across all sectors of the economy.

The hospitality industry is deep and expansive in opportunity for community college grads and those holding certifications from the colleges.

A community college which offers a hospitality program is Bristol Community College (BCC).  Based in Fall River, MA, about 30 miles from the Willwork corporate headquarters, BCC also operates three satellite campuses in the area.

The CATCH Institute (Culinary Arts, Tourism, Casino, and Hospitality Management) at BCC offers an Associate in Applied Science in Hospitality Management with a concentration in either Casino Management, Tourism Management, Hotel Management, or Food Service.

The Casino concentration was a response to the recent construction of new casinos, and expansion of those existing, in Southern New England.

BCC also offers a Certificate of Achievement in GeoTourism Destination Management.

Excellent and Smart Cooperation of a Chamber of Commerce and Vocational Training

Throughout the United States, chambers of commerce and trade groups and community organizations are developing and hosting and running hospitality education and training events.

One of those events, a winning event, was produced this past winter through the teamwork of a chamber of commerce and a high school vocational program, both based in the Cleveland area.

On February 28, the Lakewood Chamber of Commerce Task Force (Lakewood, OH), presented the Hospitality Industry Labor Summit, an event that brought together members of the Lakewood restaurant and foodservice community for a roundtable discussion focused on how to scout, recruit, and retain talented and conscientious help.

Sponsored by the Cuyahoga Community College Hospitality Management Program, Towards Employment, Cornucopia, Inc., and West Shore Career-Tech Culinary Arts/ProStart, the event was also an opportunity for networking.

Organizers and sponsors of the Hospitality Industry Labor Summit did their homework and planned well in bringing in New York Times bestselling cookbook author, Douglas Trattner, a Cleveland resident, to moderate the roundtable.

As well, smart planning was holding the summit at Ranger Café @ West Shore, a restaurant which is a component of ProStart at Lakewood High School.

ProStart is a national program developed and sponsored by the National Restaurant Association in which high school students receive education and training in restaurant management, cooking and working as a chef, managing hotels, and event planning.

Students can earn money while learning and training.

Lakewood High School culinary arts students in training at Ranger Café @ West Shore (image credit: Ranger Café @ West Shore)

ProStart is especially valuable for high schools students considering a career in hospitality.

Students who successfully complete ProStart earn the ProStart National Certificate of Achievement.  Holders of this certification get a leg up in competing for National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation scholarships, and are often given credit for certain college introductory courses in culinary arts and other areas of hospitality.

For the Hospitality Industry Labor Summit, Lakewood High School ProStart students training and working at Ranger Café @ West Shore prepared and served a delicious lunch to the summit attendees.

The Future:  Continued Innovation and New and Better Ways to Educate and Train Hospitality Professionals

The hospitality industry is domestically, and internationally, doing great.  It will continue to do great.  And as business continues to boom so too will the need for well-trained and highly skilled hospitality professionals.

To meet that need, existing hospitality education and training programs will grow.  New education and training sources will emerge.

For sure, more and more four-year colleges and universities, community colleges, and vocational and technical schools will add hospitality education and certification.

Depending on how legislation and public policy and regulatory matters play out, for-profit schools may play a bigger role in hospitality education than at present.

As is the case in all areas of education and training, as well as in all industry sectors, pressing is the challenge of how to best employ and apply technology to achieve better results and deliver increased value.

Online technology and communication will enable more classes and courses to be taught and taken online.  Today there are many quality hospitality colleges that provide a degree track that is 100 percent online and virtual.

Schools will add executive education certification programs.

Look for hospitality brand names to continue to endow schools, programs, institutes, buildings, and scholarships — with both endower and those in receipt of the endowment realizing tremendous value.

For sure, and for example, consider how both parties benefit in the establishment of the William F. Harrah College of Hotel Administration, or the Conrad N. Hilton College of Hotel and Restaurant Management, the Statler Hotel (on the Cornell University campus), or the MGM Resorts International Hospitality Internship Program (HP).

Companies that hold established and powerful brands provide money and on-the-job training, and the companies from powerful advertising and marketing, and development of talent and having an inside track on recruiting that talent.

Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is always looking for ways to better and more effectively train employees and contract laborers.

In exercising and honoring a commitment to teaching and training, we help and encourage and support people in their quest to achieve their fullest potential, which results in Willwork customers receiving optimum service.

In the future in this space we will discuss and share more information and stories on hospitality education and training.








Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services is a leading national exposition services and event management company.  We work from coast to coast, and operate offices in major cities across America.

Willwork launched 30 years ago.  Our exclusive service back then was supplying skilled trades personnel for the Greater Boston area shows and events industry.  Yes, a lot has changed for us since 1987, and we have grown considerably.  Yet, for sure, while today Willwork is national (and also handles select international engagements), and provides the full gamut of shows and events services, we still recognize that our marrow and institutional DNA is all about quality labor.

For every type of service Willwork offers, we endeavor to deliver that service, that labor, with the best effort, most intense focus, highest integrity, and utmost reliability – whether it is installing an exhibit, holding and running an internal pre-show planning meeting, rolling out carpet, brainstorming with a client, transporting freight, developing customized software, designing an audiovisual display or production, helping a client fill out a show kit, hanging signage … and whatever else it takes, and in all that we do.

Willwork thought it appropriate for Labor Day 2017 to provide a nod to the roots and heritage of the holiday … and of Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services.

And, appropriately, we chose as subject, an iconic image – and a composite of skilled and important … indeed, vitally important … labor:  Rosie the Riveter.

Rosie the Riveter is the emblem, the face, of American women factory workers during World War II who helped form the backbone of the “Arsenal of Democracy,” and were integral to defeating tyranny and preserving freedom.

(Image credit: “Rosie the Riveter,” oil painting by Norman Rockwell. Photo by Photo Courtesy Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, AR. Norman Rockwell’s original “Rosie the Riveter” is among the permanent collection at the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art.)

Culturally, in America, “Rosie the Riveter” is widely identified with two images (attached here):  the poster, “We Can Do It,” designed by J. Howard Miller and  produced by General Electric Westinghouse in 1943 to motivate workers in its war production facilities; and the Norman Rockwell painting which was the cover art for the May 29, 1943 issue of the Saturday Evening Post.

Following are the first two paragraphs of an A&E History article on Rosie the Riveter:

“American women entered the workforce in unprecedented numbers during World War II, as widespread male enlistment left gaping holes in the industrial labor force. Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased from 27 percent to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home. ‘Rosie the Riveter,’ star of a government campaign aimed at recruiting female workers for the munitions industry, became perhaps the most iconic image of working women during the war.

“In movies, newspapers, posters, photographs and articles, the Rosie the Riveter campaign stressed the patriotic need for women to enter the work force. On May 29, 1943, The Saturday Evening Post published a cover image by the artist Norman Rockwell, portraying Rosie with a flag in the background and a copy of Adolf Hitler’s racist tract ‘Mein Kampf’ under her feet. Though Rockwell’s image may be the most commonly known version of Rosie the Riveter, her prototype was actually created in 1942 and featured on a poster for the Westinghouse power company under the headline ‘We Can Do It!’ Early in 1943, a popular song debuted called ‘Rosie the Riveter,’ written by Redd Evans and John Jacob Loeb, and the name went down in history.”

(Of important note: in the A&E History article, inserted between those two paragraphs above was this informative sentence:  “Though women who entered the workforce during World War II were crucial to the war effort, their pay continued to lag far behind their male counterparts: Female workers rarely earned more than 50 percent of male wages.”)

Please click here to be taken to a place at the A & E History website where you can find the full article, and video and audio, about Rosie the Riveter.  The article also discusses the 350,000 women who served in the U.S. Armed Services during World War II.

This Labor Day Weekend, on Labor Day itself … and everyday … Willwork, Inc. Exhibit & Event Services honors and thanks the working people of America who built our nation, forged its character, give to and provide opportunity, produced the instruments and devices that kept … and keep … us safe, and whose labor is essential and integral to the greatness of our republic.